Poverty is the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money. Poverty is either measured as either absolute or relative poverty. Absolute poverty refers to being unable to afford basic human needs, which commonly includes clean and fresh water, nutrition, helath care, education, clothing and shelter. According to the United Nations, 1 billion people, about one-fifth of the world's population live in absolute poverty. Relative poverty refers to lacking a usual or social acceptale level of resources or income as compared with others within a society or country. The World Bank's "Voices of the Poor", based on research with over 20,000 poor people in 23 countries, identifies a range of factors which poor people identify as part of poverty. These include: physical limitations, gender relationships, problems in social relationships, lack of security, abuse by those in power, etc. There are numerous characteristics related to poverty such as: hunger, education, housing etc. and differ around the world.
In sum, poverty has many causes. It is a major global problem that affects the billions who are living in poverty, but also affects all people in one way or another. In my point of view, poverty can be reduced by: providing basic needs, controlling overpopulation, increasing personal income(such as income grants, financial services)etc.